New Zealand plunged into recession for the first time in a decade, as data confirmed a record-breaking economic collapse that forced Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern to defend her pandemic response ahead of next month’s general election.
The 12.2 per cent contraction in April-June was “by far the largest” since records began, national data agency, Stats NZ said, with the country put into a strict lockdown for almost two months and the country’s borders closed.
Ardern rejected opposition accusations that the tough measures had pushed the economy “off a cliff”, saying the restrictions helped contain the virus, which allowed the business to resume far earlier than in many other countries.
The centre-left leader, who will go to the polls re-election on October 17, also pointed out that New Zealand had recorded just 25 Covid-19 deaths, out of a population of five million.
The prime minister told reporters, “Success for me is saving people’s lives, supporting and saving people’s businesses, coming out the other side (of the crisis) faster, quicker and with more activity, I back our results.”
She noted that the economic pain of lockdown in the June quarter would be followed by a rebound in July-September when virus-related restrictions were eased significantly.
Ardern retains a strong lead in opinion polls and is expected to retain office, despite the ugly pre-election economic figures.
Finance Minister, Grant Robertson, said it could have been much worse, with budget papers in May predicting a 23.5 quarterly decline and Treasury forecasting a 16 percent drop just this week.
Robertson said, “There is no way that any political party could claim that there would not have been a recession in New Zealand during this period.”
He added, “This is a one-in-100-year global economic shock.”
The opposition National Party said the figures showed a change of government was needed because Ardern’s administration could not properly manage the economy or the pandemic response.
Opposition National leader, Judith Collins said, “It is now official that we are in the deepest recession in living memory and it’s proof that New Zealand needs a National-led government now that has a very clear plan.”
She added that New Zealand “compares very unfavourably” with neighbouring Australia, which recorded an economic contraction of seven percent in the June quarter after adopting a more flexible approach to lockdowns and border controls.
New Zealand’s most recent recession was in 2008-09 and until the first three months of this year it had recorded non-stop quarterly growth since 2010.