Buhari Cautions ECOWAS Common Currency Ambition
The President of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari has cautioned that the ambition for the planned single currency for the Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), could be in ‘serious jeopardy,’ unless member states complied with agreed processes of reaching the collective goal.
“The Eco” is the proposed name for the common currency that the West African Monetary Zone plans to introduce in the framework of ECOWAS.
The President delivered Nigeria’s position on the new regional currency at a virtual meeting of the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ) on Tuesday.
A statement issued by the Special Adviser to the President on Media and Publicity, Chief Femi Adesina, said that the meeting discussed the implementation of the ECOWAS Monetary Cooperation Programme (EMCP) and the ECOWAS Single Currency Agenda.
According to the statement, President Buhari said, ‘‘Your Excellencies, you all are familiar with the history of the Eco thus far, so I will not bore you with that. We reverted to a single-track approach, giving up Eco which is the original idea of the WAMZ so the ECOWAS-wide programme could thrive.
‘‘In this regard, we have made remarkable progress including the adoption of the Exchange Rate Regime, the name and model of the common Central Bank, and the symbol.
‘‘We have urged our Ministers towards an expeditious path to success. It, therefore, gives me an uneasy feeling that the UEMOA Zone now wishes to take up the Eco in replacement for its CFA Franc ahead of the rest of the Member States.
‘‘This is in addition to deviating from the Community Act on consistent attainment of convergence in the three years running up to the introduction of the currency, and our subsequent reinforcing directives.
‘‘I am informed that the French Ministers have approved a bill to reform the CFA Franc and most, if not all of the UEMOA Member States, have already passed legislation in their various Parliaments to that effect.
‘‘It is a matter of concern that a people with whom we wish to go into a union are taking these major steps without trusting us for discussion.”
He said Nigeria also believes that given the potential contractions and even losses from the global Covid-19 pandemic, member states cannot but be too cautious about ensuring compliance with the set standards.
He said, ‘‘We cannot ridicule ourselves by entering a union to disintegrate, potentially no sooner than we enter into it.
‘‘We need to be clear and unequivocal about our position regarding this process. We must also communicate the same to the outside world effectively. We have all staked so much in this project to leave things to mere expediencies and convenience.
The President went on to urge ECOWAS leaders, telling them to critically consider the recommendations made by the Convergence Council and take a common position to safeguard the West African Monetary Zone from the pitfalls of a questionable union.
He affirmed Nigeria’s support for a monetary union with the right fundamentals, which guarantees credibility, sustainability, and overall regional prosperity and sovereignty.
In the light of the caution raised by Nigeria and some other West African countries at the meeting, ECOWAS leaders resolved to convene an enlarged meeting of the regional bloc on the single currency issue.